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photo of a raccoon, a fox and a coyote

Miami-Dade County workers have started placing edible vaccines around dumpsters, lakes and waterways - in both rural and inhabited areas - to attract wildlife such as raccoons, foxes and coyotes.

The vaccine is safe and effective and not dangerous for people or pets. It increases immunity against the virus in wildlife and is a preventative, rather than curative, measure.

Rabies is a viral disease carried by mammals that is deadly to humans and animals if not treated shortly after exposure. It can be prevented but it cannot be cured once symptoms become evident. In Florida, raccoons, bats, foxes, coyotes and unvaccinated cats are the animals most frequently diagnosed with rabies.

County workers wearing "Wildlife Rabies Management" T-shirts are placing rabies vaccine bait packets called Raboral V-RG. They resemble ketchup packets and are coated with fishmeal that is appetizing to wildlife. The animals puncture the package and consume the liquid vaccine.

If a vaccine packet is found, it is best to leave the bait where you found it. If you need to move a consumed or intact vaccine packet, wear a glove or use other protective covering (e.g., paper, plastic bag) and dispose of it with your regular trash.

Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after any contact with a vaccine packet.

Facts about rabies

  • An animal typically gets rabies from saliva, usually from a bite of an animal that has the disease
  • There were total of 11 rabies cases in Miami-Dade County in calendar year 2018. The cases were comprised of eight raccoons, two cats and one otter. This represents about 10 percent of all cases in Florida in 2018
  • Make sure your dogs and cats are vaccinated against rabies and that dogs wear their rabies vaccination tag at all times. They should also wear an identification tag with their name and your address and phone number. Microchipping is an easy and affordable way to provide permanent lifetime identification for your dogs or cats
  • If you are bitten, seek medical help and call 305-324-2400
  • Report an animal bite
  • If your pet is bitten, visit the veterinarian and call 311
Learn more about rabies

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